名词化运用,为你的句子锦上添花

由于文化不同,中文写作与英文写作在一定程度上还是有区别的,因此会出现这样一种情况:托福写作的高分作文往往不是英文高分的学生。有人说,老外眼中句子分为3个档次,最差的是主动句,较好的是被动句,倒装句等,最好的nominalization(名词化)的句子,这样的句子最学术、最适合写论文。所以,对我们来说,要在托福写作中取得高分,就要善于运用名词化。

所谓名词化就是动词或形容词被用作名词的现象。比如动词转成名词:discover->discovery, move->movement,refuse->refusal,又比如形容词转成名词:careless->carelessness,difficult->difficulty, intense->intensity。但是,并不是任何情况都能运用名词化的。

一、使用名词化的情况如下:

1.结合被动形式

原句:If people decide without enough persuasive information,…

名词化:If a decision is made without enough persuasive information,…

2.谓语动词的宾语部分

原句:I do not know either what she meant or what he intends.

名词化:I do not know either her meaning or his intentions.

3.取代诸如从句中“the fact that”的用法

原句:The fact that I denied what he accused me of impressed the jury.

名词化:My denial of his accusations impressed the jury.

更好的名词化:a. When I denied his accusations, I impressed the jury.

b. In denying his accusations, I impressed the jury.

4.名词化部分用在there is/are的后面

原句:We demand that the government stop taxing entertainment.

名词化:There is a demand for an end to taxation on entertainment.

原句:The floods considerably eroded the land.

名词化:There was considerable erosion of the land from the floods.

二、没必要使用名词化的情况如下:

1.连接部分名词化

原句:Their cessation of hostilities was because of their personnel losses.

改后:They ceased hostilities because they lost personnel.

原句:The instability of the motor housing did not preclude the completion of the field trials.

改后:Even though the motor housing was unstable, the research staff completed the field trials.

2.名词化部分作为主语

原句:Our discussion is concerned with a tax cut.

改后:We discussed a tax cut.

3.连续进行名词化

原句:a. First, she reviewed the evolution of the dorsal fin.

b. There was a first a review of the evolution of the dorsal fin.

改后:First, she reviewed how the dorsal fin evolved.

4.名词化部分跟在动词后面

原句(名词化“冗余”):The police conducted an investigation into the matter.

改后:The police investigated the matter.

固然名词化运用对我们的写作很有帮助,但是大家不要盲目使用,一定要经过练习,并有一定水准了之后,再使用,不怕会弄巧成拙。

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